Published in: Journal, Article, Volume : 25, Issue : 1, Pages : 158-168
Author : Roy, Sujata; Sen, Srikanta
Abstract : We have demonstrated that the methods of mol. modeling and mol. dynamics simulation might be used to assess whether a specific mutation in the DNA would destabilize a known DNA-protein complex. The approach is based on probing the changes in the interaction that would be induced into the complex if within the already formed wild type complex the mutation could be introduced. We have used Hoxc8-DNA complex as a test system where it is known that the Hoxc8 binding affinity of the DNA is completely lost upon mutation of the DNA by replacing TAAT stretch to GCCG. Mutation was obtained by changing the relevant base pairs into the DNA of the model of the corresponding wild type complex developed by homol. modeling and MD simulation in water for 2.0 ns. Comparison of the structure, dynamics and interactions between the hypothetical mutant model with those of the similarly refined wild type model shows that the loss of affinity of the mutant DNA to Hoxc8 has two different origins: (i) loss of several strong H-bonds as the direct consequences of mutation and (ii) reduced H-bonds in the common parts due to a net loss or inferior H-bonding geometry induced by the mutation as indirect effects. The net change in the interaction energy between the DNA and the protein in the best possible configuration indicated the exptl. observed destabilization effects. No significant change in the groove width was observed and no correlation was found between the water-bridges and the loss of affinity.