Published in: Journal, Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Pages : 1-17
Author : Yasmin, Sabina; Capone, Fabio; Laghezza, Antonio; Piaz, Fabrizio Dal; Loiodice, Fulvio; Vijayan, Viswanathan; Devadasan, Velmurugan; Mondal, Susanta K.; Atli, Ozlem; Baysal, Merve; Pattnaik, Ashok K.; Jayaprakash, Venkatesan; Lavecchia, Antonio
Abstract : Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ has received significant attention as a key regulator of glucose and lipid homeostasis. In this study, we synthesized and tested a library of novel 5-benzylidene-thiazolidin-2,4-dione (BTZD) derivatives bearing a substituent on nitrogen of TZD nucleus (compounds 1a-1k, 2i-10i, 3a, 6a, and 8a-10a). Three compounds (1a, 1i, and 3a) exhibited selectivity towards PPARγ and were found to be weak to moderate partial agonists. Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) results demonstrated binding affinity of 1a, 1i and 3a towards PPARγ. Furthermore, docking experiments revealed that BTZDs interact with PPARγ through a distinct binding mode, forming primarily hydrophobic contacts with the ligand-binding pocket (LBD) without direct H-bonding interactions to key residues in H12 that are characteristic of full agonists. In addition, 1a, 1i and 3a significantly improved hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in streptozotocin-nicotinamide (STZ-NA)-induced diabetic rats at a dose of 36 mg/kg/day administered orally for 15 days. Histopathol. investigations revealed that microscopic architecture of pancreatic and hepatic cells improved in BTZDs-treated diabetic rats. These findings suggested that 1a, 1i and 3a are very promising pharmacol. agents by selectively targeting PPARγ for further development in the clin. treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.